Braudel, Fernand (August 24, 1902 - November 27, 1985)
French historian and a leader of the Annales School, which is regarded as the most influential institution of historical research in France after 1950. Braudel is one of the few modern historians who has consistently emphasized the determining role of socio-economic factors in the making and shaping of history. His most renowned publications include The Mediterranean in the Age of Philip II (1972), and Civilization and Capitalism, 15th–18th Centuries (1979). He was instrumental in orienting history to take into account the impact of geography and an account of everyday life, as opposed to only being a record of important historical events and the lives of kings and political personages.