The spontaneous revolutionary uprisings across the Arab World, propagated by a number of different factors including authoritarianism, political corruption, human rights violations, inflation, and sectarianism. The pro-democracy/anti-dictatorial movement originated in Tunisia in 2010, and spread to other countries including Egypt, Libya and Syria. Protests and demonstrations have also occurred in Jordan, Algeria, Lebanon, Oman, and Iraq. Syria has been one of the most affected countries of the Middle East, with a full scale civil war between two factions – the Syrian Opposition Forces and the presiding government of President Assad and the Syrian Army. Even in those countries where governments have been overthrown i.e. Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia, political chaos and civil unrest continues.